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What is PNR status?

PNR status helps you check the status for the train seat(s) you have booked which are under waiting or waitlist (W/L). We know the train has limited number of seats to offer and it is difficult to get one’s seat reserved or confirmed, the PNR status changes as and when there is availability of reserved seats due to cancellation. PNR is used to keep track of travel itinerary in computer records.

What is PNR number?

PNR stands for ‘Passenger Name Record’. It is a record in the database of Indian Railways Computer Reservation System (IR-CRS) against which journey details like name, age, gender, etc for a passenger, or a group of passengers are saved. PNR status can be checked through a unique 10-digit number which refers to the passenger’s details, called the PNR number. After certain period old PNR numbers are flushed out of the database.

Where can I find the PNR number?

PNR number is generally printed at the top left corner of the printed (physical) tickets. In case of an E-Ticket (booked online or through IRCTC website, irctc.co.in), you can find the PNR at the top in separate cell. The PNR number is also sent through email and SMS once registered. More on PNR status details:

  • Seat Information
  • Coach & seat number.
  • Waitlist information, if applicable.
  • RAC (Reservation against cancellation), if applicable.
  • CNF (Confirmation) of ticket without any seat number. Final seats are shown after chart is prepared in such cases.
  • Chart Status (Prepared – Yes/No).
  • Class of travel & fare.
  • Train name & number.
  • Booking Status & Current Status ( e.g. GNWL 25 / S2, 16 )
  • Boarding time from source station & Reaching time at destination station.
  • Journey time.

What does the 10-digit PNR Number signify?

  • 1 = PNR starting with ‘1’ are issued from SCR Zone (issued from Secunderabad PRS, Passenger Reservation System)
  • 2 & 3 = PNR starting with ‘2’ or ‘3’ are issued from either NR, NCR, NWR, or NER Zone (issued from Delhi PRS)
  • 4 & 5 = PNR starting with ‘4’ or ‘5’ are issued from either SR, SWR, or SCR Zone (issued from Chennai PRS)
  • 6 & 7 = PNR starting with ‘6’ or ‘7’ are issued from either NFR, ECR, ER, ECoR, SER, or SECR Zone (issued from Kolkata PRS)
  • 8 & 9 = PNR starting with ‘8’ or ‘9’ are issued from either CR, WCR, or WR Zone (issued from Mumbai PRS)

What do the various PNR statuses mean?

  • CNF (Confirm): If the current PNR status shows CNF: The seat will be allotted after charting.
  • RAC (Reservation Against Cancellation): Passenger is allowed to travel with this PNR status, two passengers share the same berth. Full berth allotted if Confirmed passenger does not board the train and seat is vacant after the departure of the train.
  • GNWL (General Waitlist): Likelihood of confirmation for GNWL ticket is on the highest priority. 
  • WL (Waitlist): Passengers not allowed to travel with waitlisted E-ticket. Train ticket can be cancelled before 30 min departure of train.
  • RLWL (Remote Location Waitlist): Smaller station have separate quota of seats and its waiting seats are given RLWL as PNR status.
  • RSWL (Roadside Station Waiting List): Station specific waitlist, less chances of confirmation.
  • RQWL (Request Waiting List): Less chances of confirmation.
  • PQWL (Pooled Quota Waitlist): This quota is for passengers  between intermediate stations and have separate waiting list from the general waiting list.
  • CKWL (Tatkal Waitlist): PNR status of GNWL tickets are preferred over Tatkal tickets hence CKWL confirmation chances are low compared to GNWL.
  • RLGN (Remote Location General Waiting List): Less chances of confirmation when the sir books ticket under RLWL.
  • RELD (Released): Not cancelled but alternate accommodation provided.
  • NR (No Room): No more booking allowed.
  • NOSB (No Seat Berth): Children below age of 12 when paying child fare are not allotted seats, their PNR status shows NOSB.
  • CAN (Cancelled): The passenger seat has been cancelled.
  • WEBCAN (Railway Counter Ticket): Passenger has been cancelled over internet and refund has not been collected.
  • WEBCANRF (Railway Counter Ticket): Passenger has been cancelled over internet and refund has been collected.

How to check PNR Status?

  • Check on official web portals like:

Like so, PNR
For example: PNR 1023456789

How often should I check for PNR Status Updates?

There is no specific timing when the PNR status of your booked ticket changes. The IRCTC does the changes as per the ticket cancellation and availability. You can check PNR status through app which is integrated with IRCTC. On a daily basis, you can check train PNR status. On the day of your journey, the final chart is prepared which will be updated to you through SMS to know your berth and seat number. 

Advantages of PNR status:

  • With PNR, passenger gets all possible details which helps him/her plan their journey comfortably.
  • PNR gives traveller clarity on his/her ticket confirmation i.e. whether ticket is in General Waiting List, Tatkal Waiting List etc.
  • With PNR number passengers can check their train’s exact arrival time and also its current running and booking status.
  • Book economical rooms at station on confirmed PNR status. If you have confirmed or RAC ticket you can book rooms at station at very low rates as compared to hotel rooms outside the station. Rooms can be booked in slab of 12 hours. Rooms can only be booked online IRCTC Room Booking

IRCTC PNR Status Prediction and Confirmation

It is not always possible that you get a confirmed Indian Railway ticket, especially during festivals. But there are people who have skills to predict IRCTC PNR status. ‘PNR Prediction’ is a very important term in Indian Railways as many people have their faith in it. It is a tricky concept which usually depends on a historical data present with Indian Railway Authorities to get up to 80 to 100 % occupancy based on factors like past booking and cancellation trends, station quotas, days of the week, seasonality, holidays etc. to determine new routes / trains to help passengers travel with ease. However, it is not open to general public.

Generally waiting list PNR status during peak seasons, festivals has very fewer chances to get confirmed. This is due to a large number of travellers  to their hometowns. But most of the passengers by Indian Railways predict the possibility of getting tickets confirmed based on the current status of tickets as 90% of the cancellations happen between 72 and 36 hours before the arrival of train. So, using previously available data and classification techniques, probability can be predicted.

How to get confirmed PNR Status train ticket?

  • Book in advance – Booking can be done 120 days before departure of trains.
  • Tatkal Booking – You can get confirmed ticket by booking tatkal quota ticket. Booking for tatkal quota seats open one day prior to departure of train from first station. Tatkal seats are 30% higher in price as compared to general seat tickets.
  • Premium Tatkal Booking – Premium quota seats are similar to tatkal quota seats but their price increases on every 20% of premium tatkal seats are booked.
  • First Station to Last Station. If you are not travelling from the origination station, chances are that you will get seat under PNR status PQWL – Pooled Quota Waiting List or RLWL – Remote Location Waiting List. Since there are more seats allotted between first & last station, you can book from first station and change your boarding station to your departure station. You can change your boarding station 24 hours prior to departure of the train from the originating station.
  • Remote Location If you are travelling from an intermediate station, you must try looking for Remote Location (RL) stations prior to your departure station. Try booking from RL station to your destination or last station.
  • Break Your Journey. In some train seats may not be available from starting station to destination station but if you take 2 tickets by breaking your journey you may get confirmed PNR status.
  • Use IRCTC Wallet. While booking tatkal tickets use IRCTC wallet to make the payment for your reservation, it is the fastest way to buy limited tatkal seats on IRCTC.

Refund for various PNR Statuses:

  • No refund shall be granted on the confirmed ticket after four hours, before the scheduled departure of the train.
  • No refund shall be granted on the RAC or waitlisted PNR ticket status after thirty minutes, before the scheduled departure of the train.
  • In case, on a party E-ticket or a family E-ticket issued for travel of more than one passengers, some passengers have confirmed reservation and others are on RAC or waiting list as their PNR status, full refund of fare, less clearage shall be admissible for confirmed passengers also subject to the condition that the ticket shall be cancelled online or online TDR shall be filed for all the passengers up to thirty minutes before the scheduled departure of the train.

PNR Status Meaning:

CNF Confirm – If the current status shows CNF – the seat will be allotted after charting.

RAC Reservation Against Cancellation – passenger is allowed to travel, two passengers share the same berth. Full berth allotted if confirmed passenger do not board the train and seat is vacant after departure of train.

WL Waitlist – Passengers not allowed to travel with waitlisted eticket. Train ticket can be cancelled before 30 min departure of train.

RLWL Remote Location Waitlist – Smaller station have separate quota of seats and its waiting seats are given RLWL status.

PQWL Pooled Quota Waitlist – this quota is for passengers traveling between intermediate stations and have separate waiting list from the general waiting list.

TQWL – Tatkal Waitlist

CAN Cancelled – the passenger seat has been cancelled

RSWL Road-Side Waitlist – Station specific waiting list.

REL – Released

NR – NoRoom – No more booking allowed.

NOSB – No Seat Berth – Children below age of 12 when paying child fare are not allotted seats their PNR status shows NOSB.

WEBCAN – Railway Counter Ticket: Passenger has been cancelled over internet and refund has not been collected.

WEBCANRF – Railway Counter Ticket: Passenger has been cancelled over internet and refund has been collected.

GNWL – General Waitlist

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